Choosing fuel material
Choosing a material that will be a fuel, it is worth considering a few important factors. They will have an impact on the environment, ecology, calorific value and costs. During the past years, many types of heating materials have passed. They were more or less effective, but the uncompromising favorite of popularity is of course wood. The main advantage of burning wood from society is the low tar content. An additional advantage is that wood is a renewable material. When buying firewood it is worth choosing those that are not only cheap but also provide a lot of heat and burns slowly.
Which firewood to choose?
There are two species of deciduous and coniferous trees to choose from. The best option for fuel is certainly deciduous trees, because when burning it does not produce a lot of smoke and contains only traces of resin. When we decide to buy or cut down deciduous trees, we should consider which type of tree has the best properties and calorific value.
The best and most calorific are hard woods such as: beech, hornbeam, ash or oak. Also valuable are fruit trees, especially plum trees, apple trees, pear trees. It should be remembered that firewood should have a minimum annual storage period. As a result, it becomes more dry and its heating properties are released.
Other types of hardwood are also suitable for combustion. However, not all of them will be as good as those mentioned above. For example, birch, burns well, has little tar, but the combustion process itself does not last too long.
How to store wood?
It should be ensured that the fuel material is properly stored in order to keep its values. The wood should be chopped into medium-sized pieces and then stacked on top of each other to form a kind of wall. The room where the firewood will be stored must be airy and protected against various precipitation such as rain. Proper storage of wood is the key to a good home heating. Unburied pieces of wood give little heat and burn badly.